By Ronald Grigor Suny

Beginning in early 1915, the Ottoman Turks started deporting and killing millions of Armenians within the first significant genocide of the 20 th century. by way of the tip of the 1st international battle, the variety of Armenians in what may develop into Turkey have been diminished by means of 90 percent—more than one million humans. A century later, the Armenian Genocide continues to be arguable yet quite unknown, overshadowed through later slaughters and the chasm keeping apart Turkish and Armenian types of occasions. during this definitive narrative historical past, Ronald Suny cuts via nationalist myths, propaganda, and denial to supply an unequalled account of while, how, and why the atrocities of 1915–16 have been committed.

As it misplaced territory through the warfare, the Ottoman Empire used to be turning into a extra homogenous Turkic-Muslim country, however it nonetheless contained huge non-Muslim groups, together with the Christian Armenians. The younger Turk leaders of the empire believed that the Armenians have been inner enemies secretly allied to Russia and plotting to win an self sustaining nation. Suny exhibits that the nice majority of Armenians have been honestly unswerving topics who desired to stay within the empire. however the younger Turks, steeped in imperial nervousness and anti-Armenian bias, turned confident that the survival of the country trusted the removing of the Armenians. Suny is the 1st to discover the mental elements in addition to the foreign and family occasions that helped bring about genocide.

Drawing on archival files and eyewitness debts, this can be an unforgettable chronicle of a cataclysm that set a sad development for a century of genocide and crimes opposed to humanity.

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Ultimately the empire was marked by dominance without hegemony, that is, rule backed by force without a high degree of acceptance or acquiescence by many. When force weakened or was absent, people went their own way; when force increased, it was often met by resistance. The Imperial Paradigm and the Nation-­S tate In the imagination of Ottoman elites their sultan’s territories were the Well-­Protected Domains (Memalik-­i Mahruse) and later the Sublime Ottoman State (Devlet-­i Aliye-­i Osmaniye).

Almost immediately his fellow priests and monks began recording what they understood as the prehistory of their people: the eponymous hero Hayk, who defeated the giant Bel and after whom the people—Hay in their own language—and their country—Hayastan—were named; and their first kings, including Armen after whom outsiders borrowed the name Brought to you by | Duke University Authenticated Download Date | 12/9/15 12:44 PM Armenians Armenian. Sometime in the early Middle Ages (the century is disputed) the “father of (Armenian) history (batmahayr),” Movses Khorenatsi, wrote a chronicle, which became the foundation of what later would be transformed into a national historical narrative.

The territory itself had historically been contested as a transit space of trade from east to west, a strategic highland whose possession gave the holder a military advantage over rivals. But it was also extreme in a number of important ways: extremely hot in summer and cold in winter and extremely difficult to move through swiftly. Impassable roads and rivers that could not be navigated, high mountains as well as brigands and ungoverned tribesmen, made travel precarious. With a good horse one might make a journey of 20 or 30 miles in a day, perhaps without baggage a few hundred miles in a week.

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"They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else" : A History by Ronald Grigor Suny
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