By Ibn Warraq
This quantity rejects the inspiration that Islam's sacred textual content is mistakes unfastened and can't be seriously evaluated. The learn of the Koran needs to advance and mature. students of Islam are in fact conversant in the book's many mistakes and contradictions, yet those inherent flaws have not often been published to a much broader public. "The Origins of the Koran" is an try to treatment this deficiency through bringing jointly vintage severe essays which increase key concerns surrounding Islam's holy booklet. Divided into 4 elements, this crucial anthology starts off with Theodor Noldeke's first actually clinical learn of the Koran. half makes a speciality of the trouble of creating a competent Koranic textual content, whereas half 3 examines the Jewish, Christian, and Zoroastrian resources of Muhammad's 'revelation'. half 4 is a attention of the debatable interpretations of up to date student John Wansbrough, who questions the historic reliability of the earliest Islamic assets. This fabulous assortment, consisting of extra decisions from Leone Caetani, Arthur Jeffery, David Margoliouth, Andrew Rippin, C C Torrey, and extra, will end up critical to students and all these attracted to the textual underpinning of 1 of the quickest starting to be religions on this planet.
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Additional info for The Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book
The expectation of a coming Messiah was also an article of faith; the name given to their Messiah was the Restorer. Here we can also notice the similarity of the Muslim notion of the Mahdi. We can tabulate the close parallels between the doctrines of the SAMARITANS and the Muslims in this way: Under the influence of the Samaritans, the Arabs proceeded to cast Muhammad in the role of Moses as the leader of an exodus (hijra), as the bearer of a new revelation (Koran) received on an appropriate (Arabian) sacred mountain, Mt.
The faith of the Samaritans was Jewish monotheism, but they had shaken off the influence of Judaism by developing their own religious identity, rather in the way the Arabs were to do later on. The Samaritan canon included only the Pentateuch, which was considered the sole source and standard for faith and conduct. The formula “There is no God but the One” is an ever-recurring refrain in Samaritan liturgies. A constant theme in their literature is the unity of God and His absolute holiness and righteousness.
Details from the life of the Prophet were invented to support legal doctrines. Schacht then criticizes isnads which “were often put together very carelessly. Any typical representative of the group whose doctrine was to be projected back on to an ancient authority, could be chosen at random and put into the isnad. ” Norms derived from the Koran were introduced into Islamic law at a secondary stage. A group of scholars was convinced of the essential soundness of Schacht’s analysis, and proceeded to work out in full detail the implications of Schacht’s arguments.
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