By Ergun Özbudun
Explores and illustrates how family and overseas elements form the course of democratization procedure with unique connection with the structure making technique within the Turkish context.
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Additional info for Democratization and the Politics of Constitution Making in Turkey
3 Constitutional Court decision, E. 1987/9, K. 1987/15, 18 June 1987, Anayasa Mahkemesi Kararlar Dergisi [Reports of the Constitutional Court, hereinafter AMKD], Vol. 23, 282–94. 4 Resmi Gazete [Official gazette], 1 October 1988, No. 19946. 5 TBMM’de Temsil Edilen Siyasi Partilerce TBMM Başkanlığına Sunulan Anayasa Değişikliği Konusundaki Görüş ve Önerileri [The views and proposals of political parties represented in the GNAT concerning constitutional amendments, as presented to the speaker of the GNAT] (Ankara: TBMM Başkanlığı, March 1993), 122–73.
A major difference between the making of the 1961 and 1982 Constitutions is that in the latter case the military no longer trusted civilian bureaucratic agencies, which it perceived as highly fragmented, infiltrated by political parties, and vulnerable to radical political ideas. Therefore, the President of the Republic was given important substantive powers in appointing high-court judges and university administrators, the two areas the military considered particularly sensitive. In short, the 1982 Constitution was designed to maintain the military as the ultimate guardian and arbiter of the political system through a strengthened presidency and the NSC.
3. Law No. 4121, 23 July 1995. 4. Law No. 4388, 18 June 1999. 5. Law No. 4446, 13 August 1999. 6. Law No. 4709, 3 October 2001. 10 The History of Constitution-Making in Turkey 29 7. Law No. 4720, 21 November 2001. 8. Law No. 4777, 27 December 2002. 9. Law No. 5170, 7 May 2004. 10. Law No. 5370, 21 June 2005. 11. Law No. 5428, 29 October 2005. 12. Law No. 5551, 13 October 2006. 13. Law No. 5659, 10 May 2007. 14. Law No. 5678, 31 May 2007. 17 Ergun Özbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation (Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000), 141–45.
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