By Kylie McKenna
This e-book examines the probabilities and barriers of company social accountability in minimising the violent clash frequently linked to ordinary source exploitation. via specific and penetrating empirical research, the writer skilfully asks why earlier company social accountability practices haven't constantly accomplished their goals.
This topic is explored notwithstanding an research of 2 of the main advanced and chronic conflicts associated with average assets within the Asia Pacific zone: Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) and West Papua (Indonesia). Drawing on first-hand money owed of company executives and groups suffering from source clash, this ebook files the interpretation of world company social accountability into neighborhood peace. masking themes as diversified as post-colonialism, legislations, profit distribution, safeguard, the surroundings and common reconciliation, this bold textual content unearths how and why present company social accountability projects should be not able to help extractive businesses steer clear of social clash. The learn concludes that this is often because of the failure of extractive businesses to reply to the social and environmental problems with such a lot situation to neighborhood host groups. the assumption is that extractive businesses may actively give a contribution to peace development in the event that they have been to have interaction with the interdependencies among company job and the foundation factors of clash.
What units this ebook aside is that it deals a holistic framework for extractive businesses to have interaction with the complexity of source clash. ‘Interdependent Engagement’ is an built-in version of company social accountability that encourages extractive businesses to house the underlying factors of source clash, instead of making use of ideas or reviews in their symptoms.
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925–45. The challenge of CSR and conflict 19 Merry, S. E. 2006. Human Rights & Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. NRGI (Natural Resource Governance Institute). 2010. The Natural Resource Charter, 2nd edn. New York: NRGI. org/> [accessed 7 May 2015]. Oetzel, J, Getz, K. & Ladek, S. 2007. ‘The role of multinational enterprises in responding to violent conflict: A conceptual model and framework for research’, American Business Law Journal, vol.
83). 13). BP enters the conflict Based on the experience of Freeport, BP’s entry into West Papua generated significant fear that the Tangguh LNG project would become another ‘Freeport’. 36 Conflict in Bougainville and West Papua On top of the significant security concerns, the denial of customary land rights has been a key criticism in the Bintuni Bay area. The acquisition of the land required for the development of this project as well as the scale of its activities generally, has implicated BP in the complex relationship between West Papua and Indonesia.
13), Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua was henceforth recognised by the international community. 1). 1). 1–2). One manifestation of this has been the small and poorly armed guerrilla group called the Organisasi Papua Merdeka (Free Papua Movement or OPM). 180), the movement has played an important symbolic role in representing a Papuan identity and associated political aspirations (Chauvel, 2006, p. 181). The OPM launched its first operations against Indonesian forces in 34 Conflict in Bougainville and West Papua 1965.
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