By Giliberto Capano, Marino Regini, Matteo Turri
This e-book significantly examines the ramifications of reforms to raised schooling associations. the entire greater schooling procedure reforms carried out in western international locations over the past 3 a long time have had one essentially very important goal: particularly, that of adjusting the prevailing institutional and process governance preparations. This e-book argues that inside this common framework, Italy is a relative latecomer to a state of affairs the place makes an attempt at college reform were characterised via substantial problems, and feature been blighted by way of the arguably terrible caliber of coverage layout. by way of concentrating on the Italian reform trajectory as an emblematic case, and supplying a complete of the old evolution of upper schooling in Italy and additional afield, this booklet adopts a comparative viewpoint to teach how reforms of governance in better schooling could in achieving assorted levels of luck counting on the features in their coverage layout, and why those reforms unavoidably bring about a sequence of accidental effects. it is going to be very important interpreting for these attracted to schooling coverage and the heritage of education.
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Additional resources for Changing Governance in Universities. Italian Higher Education in Comparative Perspective
However, while the strict implementation of this ideology may contribute to the emergence of the unintended consequences discussed before, it is the speciﬁcity of university institutions that is far more likely not to be understood, and hence underestimated or totally overlooked by policy-makers. In other words, these outcomes of university reforms were not anticipated and could not have been anticipated even by a very careful policy design, not just because these reforms were value driven, but because of the clear cognitive limits of policy-makers unable to grasp the speciﬁcity of HE institutions.
This means that the features of the policy design – how it is pursued and its content – are the direct drivers of governmental efforts to reform policies. It is through policy design that the reforms © The Author(s) 2016 G. com 31 32 CHANGING GOVERNANCE IN UNIVERSITIES acquire their content and their political support. And the content of policy design is important in terms of the likelihood of effective implementation (Pressman and Wildavski 1973), and of the features and scope of political support.
A very good example of this is the Italian reform of universities introduced in 2010, which was designed to simplify the internal structure of universities by abolishing the faculties and transferring all functions to the departments (see Sect. 4), without considering the very different effects that this ‘simpliﬁcation’ would produce in large universities compared to small ones. In general, the goal of simpliﬁcation, as well as that of economies of scale, has proved much easier to achieve in small- and medium-sized universities than in large and very large ones.
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