By Knut Andreas Bergsvik, Robin Skeates
Caves in Context presents the thriving inter-disciplinary box of cave reviews with a European-scale survey of present examine in cave archaeology. it's unified through a latest theoretical emphasis at the cultural importance and variety of caves over house and time. Caves and rockshelters are discovered everywhere Europe, and feature usually been occupied by means of human teams, from prehistory correct as much as the current day. a few seem to have purely lines of brief occupations, whereas others comprise deep cultural deposits, indicating longer and a number of occupations. exceptionally, there's nice variability of their human use, either secular and sacred. the purpose of this booklet is to discover the a number of significances of those usual locations in more than a few chronological, spatial, and cultural contexts throughout Europe. the amount demonstrates, via a variety of archaeological ways and examples, that cave experiences, whist inevitably focussed, can be of value to wider, modern, archaeological examine agendas, really whilst a contextual method is followed. The booklet can also be of relevance to different students operating within the similar fields of speleology, earth sciences, panorama reports, and anthropology, which jointly contain the inter-disciplinary box of cave experiences.
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Additional info for Caves in Context: The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe
It was test-pit surveyed in 2001 (Østerdal 2001). The lithic material consists of four microblades, which date it generally to 8000–4000 cal BC, and a few flakes of flint, quartzite, quartz crystal and basalt. 15. Sandvik rockshelter (lok 2) is situated on the coast of the island Stord, in the bay of Sandvikvågen, relatively close to the shoreline. It was test-pit surveyed in 2001 (Skrede and Baug 2001). A 30 Knut Andreas Bergsvik and Ingebjørg Storvik radiocarbon date indicates that it was occupied at around 6400 cal BC.
Mesolithic Caves and Rockshelters in Western Norway material consists of microliths, a drill, microblades, microblade cores, and flakes. One fragment of a slotted bone point was also found. Only a small percentage of fragmented faunal material collected at the site has been determined to species, but all of the bones are from cloven-footed mammals and two of them most likely from reindeer or red deer. 21. Barka rockshelter is situated on the coast at Strand, Rogaland, relatively high above the shore of Idsefjorden, underneath a large boulder.
Two microblades of flint date it generally to 8000–4000 cal BC. Several flint flakes were also found. 19. Ertstein rockshelter (lok. 45), Rennesøy, Rogaland has more-or-less the same location as lok. 44 Ertstein (above) and was excavated at the same time (Høgestøl 1995, 92–94). A small soapstone netsinker, microblades, and conical microblade cores date it generally to 8000–4000 cal BC. In addition to these artefacts, drills, scrapers, and relatively large numbers of flakes were found. Flint is the dominant raw material, supplemented by a few items of quartz crystal.
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