By Jack Feuillet
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There are some differences, however, that are worth brieﬂy highlighting here. Monographs are more clearly the gold standard for accreditation and reputation in the humanities. They also take an order of magnitude longer to write than their journal article counterparts, meaning that scholars expect a commensurate reputational return. The print runs for academic monographs in the humanities, though, are extremely low; around 200–250 is the ﬁgure that is usually cited. This means that presses often have returns on volumes and the margins are far lower than in scientiﬁc journal publishing, for instance.
Some of these are directly shared with the sciences. Of course, it is also clear that research in the humanities may not be purely ‘used’ in a practical sense and frequently exists to inform without a clear applicable use, at least in the sense of a market economy. However, within the spheres where use can be identiﬁed, it is important to consider how open access impinges upon each of these areas. Taking these four points as a starting guide, it becomes possible to identify some of the ways in which open access interacts with research principles in the humanities.
This is because some of the clashes aired at various moments in this inquiry were between OA advocates, a market-orientated government panel and selected traditional scholarly publishers. Broadly speaking, as business entities, the primary concern of many commercial scholarly publishers pertains to the sustainability (or proﬁtability) of their activities under new, untested, economic models for open access. 76 In the face of such evidence, it seems difﬁcult to fault the argument of advocates that at least some resistance from these entities must come from the fact that they fare extremely well under the current subscription model.
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