By Eric H. Cline
Public curiosity in biblical archaeology is at an all-time excessive, as tv documentaries pull in thousands of audience to monitor exhibits at the Exodus, the Ark of the Covenant, and the so-called misplaced Tomb of Jesus. vital discoveries with relevance to the Bible are made nearly each year--during 2007 and 2008 by myself researchers introduced a minimum of seven significant discoveries in Israel, 5 of them in or close to Jerusalem. Biblical Archaeology deals a passport into this interesting realm, the place historical faith and glossy technology meet, and the place tomorrow's discovery might resolution a riddle that has lasted one thousand years.
Archaeologist Eric H. Cline the following bargains a whole evaluation of this intriguing box. He discusses the early pioneers, similar to Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie and William Foxwell Albright, the origins of biblical archaeology as a self-discipline, and the most important controversies that first caused explorers to head looking for gadgets and websites that may "prove" the Bible. He then surveys probably the most recognized biblical archaeologists, together with Kathleen Kenyon and Yigael Yadin, the websites which are crucial assets of data for biblical archaeology, similar to Hazor, Megiddo, Gezer, Lachish, Masada, and Jerusalem, and a few of crucial discoveries which were made, together with the lifeless Sea Scrolls, the Mesha Inscription, and the Tel Dan Stele. next chapters learn extra archaeological unearths that shed extra gentle at the Hebrew Bible and New testomony, the problem of capability frauds and forgeries, together with the James Ossuary and the Jehoash capsule, and destiny clients of the field.
Biblical Archaeology: a really brief Introduction captures the feel of pleasure and significance that surrounds not just the earlier historical past of the sphere but in addition the current and the longer term, with interesting new discoveries made every season.
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Extra resources for Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
At the site, Yadin uncovered the remains of a huge Canaanite city that had ﬂourished during the Middle and Late Bronze Ages, and especially during the second millennium BCE. He concluded that Hazor was a major metropolis, a city that was mentioned in texts 43 After 1948: biblical veracity and nationalism Later, as a university professor and mentor, Yadin taught an entire generation of future archaeologists and initiated or restarted excavations at many sites, including Megiddo. He was not only interested in establishing an Israeli national identity with regard to ancient evidence for a Jewish presence in the land, but—like his American counterpart Albright—thought that archaeology could help prove the accuracy and authenticity of the Bible.
The concept was simple, as the British had previously ﬁgured out; if the Ottoman Empire were to collapse, the European countries that already had a presence or interest in Palestine would have the best claim to the territory. ‘‘Biblical explorations,’’ including mapping expeditions and preliminary excavations, provided the best excuse—and cover story—for establishing a presence in the area. One large-scale excavation—quite likely with such imperialistic underpinnings—was undertaken from 1903 to 1905 by the American-born Austrian archaeologist Gottlieb Schumacher, at the site of Megiddo.
Frequently their teaching careers and archaeological careers went hand in hand, as they sought proof in the ﬁeld for their theological beliefs and for their classroom and professional presentations and interpretations of the biblical account. Since these professors taught during the school year, year-round excavations ceased to be the norm and were replaced by excavations conducted primarily during the summers, although there were signiﬁcant exceptions, such as the site at Megiddo. 30 This trend has continued to the present day and most foreign archaeologists who work in the area have their home base in either a university or a museum, and excavate during the summers.
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