By John Orna-Ornstein

Common font archaeology can be defined because the examine of every thing some time past. humans, animals, crops, climate, battle, peace, nutrition, garments, paintings, structure, ideals and ideas - you identify it, and a few archaeologists, someplace, are learning it. they're on their knees in a muddy trench painstakingly uncovering a pot, or a few human bones. they're working the main cutting-edge computing device apparatus, CAT scanners and electron scanning microscopes or they're surveying the floor from planes. they're in a museum, conscientiously cataloguing the main beneficial - or usual! - relics of the previous. This publication goals to exhibit the significance, the range and the thrill of archaeology.

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Minneapolis: Runestone, 1993. Donoughue, Carol. The Mystery of the Hieroglyphs: The Story of the Rosetta Stone and the Race to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. , and Michael J. Doolittle. Stones, Bones and Petroglyphs: Digging into Southwest Archaeology. New York: Atheneum, 1998. Hackwell, W. John. Digging to the Past. New York: Scribner, 1986. Malone, Caroline, and Nancy Bernard. Stonehenge. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. McIntosh, Jane R. Eyewitness: Archaeology.

34 How society works Anthropologists are people who try to understand the past by studying the way people have behaved in more recent times. The work of anthropologists has helped archaeologists realize that goods may move around the world for reasons other than trade. In some societies, giving beautiful and valuable presents was a way of increasing your own importance. Objects as varied as Iron Age necklaces, Chinese silk robes and Mexican turquoise mosaics may have been given as gifts rather than bought and sold.

The words on it read 'I am the badge of Phanes'. This suggests that many people who used coins like this could read. CHAMPOLLION (1790-1832) For many centuries visitors to Egypt were puzzled by the strange picture writing that they found on monuments and tombs. In 1799 a slab of dark stone was found near Rosetta (modern Rashid). The 'Rosetta Stone' became famous because in 1822 it enabled a young Frenchman, Jean Francois Champollion, to unravel the mystery of hieroglyphic writing. There was an inscription on the stone, carved in three different sorts of writing - hieroglyphic, demotic (another sort of Egyptian script) and Greek.

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Archaeology: Discovering the Past by John Orna-Ornstein
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