By Kevin Greene

This bestselling e-book has firmly verified itself because the so much obtainable consultant to archaeology to be had. It features:
* a proof to the invention and excavation of sites
* a invaluable define of the foremost relationship methods
* transparent factors of medical techniques
* new theories and present controversies
* explanatory diagrams and photos
* assistance on extra studying and up to date bibliography.

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Additional resources for Archaeology: An Introduction

Sample text

Most types penetrate the soil only to a very limited extent, but they have been used by archaeologists to locate dispersed metal artefacts—for example, a hoard of Roman coins scattered by ploughing. A more sophisticated device (the pulse induction meter) gives a warning of metal objects in graves that are about to be excavated. This is not normally necessary if the site has already been surveyed by magnetometer, for when these instruments encounter iron objects they produce readings that are distinguishable from archaeological features.

33)—unlike their stone counterparts in Egypt. Fragile structures and perishable or unimpressive artefacts were neglected for most of the rest of the nineteenth century, along with any earlier prehistoric levels underlying historical sites. Casson pinpointed the problem: ‘Scientific method existed. But for the archaeologists of the various phases of civilized man there were no scientific collaborators…. This divorce of science from archaeology, in so far as the later phases of civilization were concerned, was largely due to the fact that historical sites fell automatically under the control of literary men’ (1939, 215).

Recording was revolutionized in the 1840s and 1850s by the rapid development of photography (Feyler 1987). British and French expeditions carried out extensive photography in Syria and Egypt; when the Crimean War began in 1854, the Society of Antiquaries of London requested the English Army to instruct its photographer ‘to take and transmit photographic views of any antiquities which he may observe’ (Evans 1956, 291). Perhaps the greatest contrast with the past is that fieldwork today is rarely directed at a single site.

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Archaeology: An Introduction by Kevin Greene
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