By Martin Kramer
Publish 12 months note: First released in 2008
Over the prior decade, the political floor underneath the center East has shifted. Arab nationalism the political orthodoxy for many of this century has misplaced its grip at the mind's eye and allegiance of a brand new new release. even as, Islam as an ideology has unfold around the quarter, and "Islamists" bid to seize the guts of politics. such a lot Western students and specialists as soon as hailed the redemptive strength of Arabism. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival is a serious evaluate of the contradictions of Arab nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism, and the misrepresentation of either within the West.
The first a part of the booklet argues that Arab nationalism--the so-called Arab awakening--bore inside it the seeds of its personal failure. Arabism as an idea drew upon overseas assets and assets. while it claimed to disencumber the Arabs from imperialism it deepened highbrow dependence upon the West's personal romanticism and radicalism. eventually, Arab nationalism grew to become a strength of oppression instead of liberation, and a replicate photograph of the imperialism it defied. Kramer's essays jointly shape the one chronological telling and the at absolutely documented postmortem of Arabism. the second one a part of the e-book examines the same failings of Islamism, whose rules are Islamic reworkings of Western ideological radicalism. Its impact has been to offer new lifestyles to outdated rationales for oppression, authoritarianism, and sectarian division.
Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival offers another view of a century of heart japanese background. because the zone strikes fitfully prior ideology, Kramer's viewpoint is extra compelling than at any time within the past-in Western academe a minimum of between many within the center. This booklet can be of curiosity to sociologists, political scientists, economists, and center East experts.
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Extra info for Arab Awakening & Islamic Revival: The Politics of Ideas in the Middle East (Middle East in Transition)
Through years of pounding indoctrination, Nasser and the Ba‘th had managed to silence every other voice, and many only understood and spoke the limited language of Arab nationalism. But as defeat worked its way deep into the collective psyche, two other voices would be raised in opposition to Arab nationalism. One spoke the language of allegiance to individual states. 31 The Triumph of the State Since their creation, individual Arab states had never hesitated to give priority to their separate interests.
Salibi called on intellectuals to discount the erroneous Arab nationalist view of this history as a united national march that went wrong at some point, and correctly assess it as the parochial history that it normally was: an account of so many different Arab regional experiences of one kind or another, fitting more or less into a general pattern. No Arab country today need feel any guilt about accepting its actual existence as a willful or unwillful departure from an Arab national historical norm.
35 But many Muslim Arabs saw this as a confidence game, and regarded Islam and any form of nationalism as mutually exclusive. ” Instead, he called all of mankind, Arab and non-Arab, to submit to God. ”36 The Islamic critique of Arab nationalism extended beyond its theory to its practice. Arab nationalism had erred in breaking the primary bond of Islam during the Arab Revolt—a bond that linked Arab and Turk. The Arab nationalists betrayed their fellow Muslims in order to side with the British, who naturally betrayed them—a just reward for those who placed their trust in unbelievers.
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