By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the most up-to-date, groundbreaking archaeological examine, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the historical past of old Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the nice within the fourth century BCE until eventually the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with historical literary resources (including the Bible) to supply a sustained evaluate of the tumultuous highbrow and spiritual adjustments that impacted international heritage through the Greco-Roman period.
The authors reveal how the transformation of the traditional close to East lower than the impact of the Greeks after which the Romans ended in foundational adjustments in either the fabric and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule via the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire offer a history for the emergence of Christianity. The authors notice within the archaeological list how Judaism and Christianity have been nearly undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The simply book-length assessment on hand that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this accomplished and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.
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Extra resources for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
Harsh measures prompted the Maccabean Revolt in 167 Fig. 8. 1. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. Jewish forces led by Judah and his brothers, sons of the priest Mattathias, succeeded in retaking Jerusalem and rededicating the Temple, although conﬂicts with Seleucid forces continued for decades. Eventually, the new Jewish state achieved suπcient stability and security to enjoy genuine autonomy, led by the Hasmonean dynasty, so named for the priestly ancestor Asamonaios (in Hebrew, Hashman) of Judah and his brothers (Ant.
The Romans forced him to withdraw. , Palestine thus found itself in a political environment characterized by shifting power dynamics. Such developments, however, did not hinder the ongoing di∫usion of Hellenistic culture. We have noted that conquered societies sometimes absorbed aspects of Hellenistic culture, using it to ﬁnd new ways to create and express their own cultural identities. On other occasions, subject peoples constructed their identities by resisting Hellenistic ways. The processes of interaction between Hellenistic and local cultures were complex and variegated, and individual societies experienced conﬂict over which aspects of Hellenism to adopt or adapt and which ones to reject.
On the obverse is the legend “Yehudah the high priest in community of the Jews” surrounded by a laurel wreath; the reverse shows a pomegranate between double cornucopia. At right is a schematic view of the coin. (Copyright David Hendin, used by permission) overlooking Shechem on Mount Gerizim dating back to the Persian period were completely destroyed and buried under a massive layer of ash. Attempts to strengthen the city’s defenses by blocking windows, doors, and streets, constructing additional walls, and stockpiling food and supplies left their marks in the archaeological record but were insuπcient to ward o∫ the Hasmoneans.
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