By Joanna Radwanska-Williams
The overall conception of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this publication argues, a “lost paradigm” within the background of linguistics. the idea that of 'paradigm' is known in a greatly construed Kuhnian feel, and its applicability to linguistics as a technological know-how is tested. it truly is argued that Kruszewski's concept was once a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technological know-how of Language', 1883), had the capability to be seminal within the historical past of linguistics, i.e. to accomplish the prestige of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This power was once now not learned simply because Kruszewski's impression was once hindered by means of a number of historic elements, together with his early dying and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language switch. The publication examines the highbrow history of Kruszweski's notion, which used to be rooted, partially, within the culture of British empiricism. It additionally discusses Kruszewski's dating to his instructor Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his angle in the direction of the Neogrammarian circulation in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his concept by means of his contemporaries, and the effect of his paintings at the linguistic idea of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).
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