By Majid Fakhry
The 1st accomplished survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic idea and its impression at the cultural points of Muslim existence. Fakhry indicates how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest occasions a particular line of improvement, which supplies it the cohesion and continuity which are the marks of the nice highbrow activities of historical past. (Fall 2006)
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Extra resources for A History of Islamic Philosophy - Third Edition
W Of the Peripatetic works of Galen, l;lunain claims to have translated his Treatise on the Immovable Mover into Arabic and Syriac and his Introduction to Logic into Syriac only. The Numbers of the Syllogisms he translated into Syriac, where his son lshaq subsequently translated it into Arabic. In addition, numerous Aristotelian works were translated, although hardly any directly into Arabic, so by l;lunain's associates, working no doubt under his supervision. Thus his son Ishaq, his nephew l;lubaish, and his disciple 'Isa b.
66 All of the translators discussed so far have been Christians of the Nestorian or Jacobite sect. The most outstanding exception to this general rule is without doubt the great pagan astrologer-philosopher Thabit b. Qurra, who hailed from l;larran in north Syria, settled in Baghdad, where he was attached to the service of the famous patrician family ofBann Musa. He subsequently became astrologer-royal and companion of the caliph al-Mu'tadid (892--902). He was the sire of a long line of distinguished scholars, who like their great forebear, devoted themselves to the study of astrology and mathematics.
8 There were two other important institutions of Greek learning in the seventh century, at I:Iarran and Jundishapnr. I:Iarran, in northern Syria, had been the home of a sect of star-worshipers, who were erroneously identified during the 'Abbasid period with the Sabaeans (al-Sabi'ah) mentioned in the Koran. Their religion, as well as the Hellenistic, Gnostic, and Hermetic influences under which they came, singularly qualified the I:Iarranians to serve as a link in the transmission of Greek science to the Arabs and to provide the 'Abbasid court from the beginning of the ninth century with its greatly prized class of court astrologers.
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