By Sternberg R., Jordan J.

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It is also relevant that in another recent book, Genius: The Natural History of Creativity, Hans Eysenck did not include any reference to wisdom (Eysenck, 1995). Here, the question may be raised as to whether or not creativity is related to wisdom. In a sense, wisdom can give rise to new and creative solutions to old problems. Perhaps this is further evidence that the concept and the subject matter of wisdom has been avoided or neglected because of its past history in philosophy and religion. It appears to have been too far removed from the influential models of research of physics and chemistry to explore more elementary processes of psychology that were the roots of psychology in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Wise individuals and wisdom in this point of view become the product of interactions with wise environments. Wisdom is apparent in decisions that are shaped by social contexts. Her research showed that wisdom increases with social interaction. Staudinger concluded that wisdom cannot Wisdom in History 21 develop without both distal and proximal social interaction. Wisdom is a balance between interactive and individual cognition. Excluded in this research is the contribution of evolution to the genesis of wisdom and individual traits or behavioral capacities that lead to the development of social institutions.

12) Wisdom in History 19 history of the study of wisdom in psychology is a short one. Only at the end of the eighties (1980s), and the beginning of the nineties, wisdom research really started. Before that time there were only some theoretical endeavors” (Brugman, 2000, p. 95). 7, p. 109, for complete data). The earliest year of publication of a cited reference was 1959, with a median year of 1987, a relatively recent date in the history of psychology. Erik Erikson provided an example of an early reference to wisdom as a component of a lifespan theory of development.

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A Handbook of Wisdom: Psychological Perspectives by Sternberg R., Jordan J.
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